The controversial Brexit vote took place on 23 June 2016. 18 months on from the historical referendum, what has changed?
Since June 2016, the pound has fallen by about 15% against the US dollar and by about 13% against the euro. Sterling’s weakness has provided a boost for larger UK companies, whose overseas profits have been enhanced when translated back into sterling, and this has been reflected in their dividend payouts and in the performance of the FTSE 100 Index. The day before the referendum took place, the blue-chip index closed at 6,261. Following the result, the market plunged by almost 9%; now, the FTSE 100 Index is over 1,000 points higher.
The pound’s weakness has pushed up import prices, stoking inflationary pressures. One year on, the UK’s consumer prices index (CPI) has reached its highest level for almost four years during May, rising to 2.9%, but wage growth is not keeping pace with the rising cost of living and this is squeezing UK households.
Political uncertainty has dominated since the vote; David Cameron resigned as Prime Minister after the decision to leave and was replaced by Theresa May. Her Brexit plans were subsequently thrown into disarray by her decision to hold a snap General Election in order to increase her Parliamentary majority – a move that backfired and resulted in a hung Parliament. Looking ahead, the UK is still on the back foot as Brexit negotiations continue.